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科系基礎專業英語術語與詞彙

生化

A.葉酸

( C )Digoxin

B.腎上腺皮質醇

( D  )1.Microalbumin  

C.毛地黃

( G  )2.Testosterone

D.微白蛋白

( K  )3.Progesterone

E.心肌旋轉蛋白

( J  )4.Prolactin

F.胱蛋白

( A  )5.Folic acid

G.睪丸素酮

( H  )6.Insulin-AC

H.飯前胰島素

( F  )7.Cystatin C

I.醣化血色素

( E  )8.hs-Troponin I    

J.催乳激素

K.黃體素

血液

A.母細胞

( E   )1.Segment

B.前髓細胞

( H   )2.Basophil

C.髓細胞

( K   )3.mean corpuscular volume

D.後髓細胞

(I    )4.mean corpuscular hemoglobin

E.嗜中性球

( L   )5. Fibrinogen

F.非典型淋巴球

( C   )6.Myelocyte

G.嗜酸性球

( B   )7.Promyelocyte

H.嗜鹼性球

( F   )8.Atypical Lymphocyte

I.平均紅血球血紅素量

J.平均紅血球血紅素濃度

K.平均血球容積

L.纖維蛋白原

特殊檢驗

A.藥物血中濃度監測

( D   )1.Fluorescence microscope

B.過敏原檢驗

( K   )2.Hb/Protein Electrophoresis

C.流式細胞儀

( H   )3.Real time PCR

D.螢光顯微鏡

(G   )4.Polymerase chain reaction

E.基因定序

( J   )5.Enzyme-linked immunosorbentassay

F.基因型

( E   )6.DNA sequence

G.聚合脢連鎖反應

( I   )7.Cross matching

H.即時聚合脢連鎖反應

I.交叉配合試驗

J.酵素免疫分析法

K.血紅素/蛋白質電泳

L.微量元素檢測

病理

A.體液

( E   )1. GynecologyPapanicolaous smear (GYN Paps smear)

B.腦脊髓液

( C   )2. Pleural effusion

C.胸水

(B    )3. CSF       

D.腹水

( J    )4. Superficial cell

E.婦科抹片

(I    )5. Intermediate cell

F.鱗狀上皮癌

( G   )6. basal cell

G.基底細胞

( L   )7. Endocervical columnar cell

H.旁基底細胞

( K   )8. Endometrial cell

I.中層細胞

( F   )9. Squamous cell carcinoma

J.表層細胞

K.子宮內膜細胞

L.子宮內頸柱狀細胞

細菌

A.革蘭氏陰性球菌

( K   )1. Anaerobic culture

B.革蘭氏陽性球菌

( G   )2. S susceptible

C.革蘭氏陰性桿菌

( F   )3. R resistant

D.革蘭氏陽性桿菌

( J   )4. Multidrug resistant 

E.藥物敏感性試驗

( I   )5. MIC minimal inhibitory concentration

F.抵抗性(抗藥性)

( A   )6. GNC Gram negative cocci

G.敏感性(感受性)

( B   )7. GPC Gram positive cocci

H.氧耐受性試驗

I.最低抑菌濃度

J.多重抗藥性

K.厭氧培養

L.結核病

解釋名詞

(C    )1.agglutination

  1. Substance that provokes an immune response

( B   )2. lymphocyte

  1. Type of white blood cell

( J   )3. thyroid gland

  1. Clumping of cells and particles in blood

( H  )4. thymocyte

  1. the highest dilution factor that still yields a positive reading

(D   )5.titer

  1. Specialized protein that fights disease

(G    )6.immunoglobulin

  1. an antigen recognized by the immune system

(E    )7.antibody

  1. Type of antibody

( A   )8.antigen

  1. Cell of the thymus gland that can mature into a T cell

( F   )9.epitope

  1. a cascade of proteins in part of innate immunity

(I    )10.complement

  1. Gland with two lobes located on either side of the trachea